Spinal fusion is surgery to join two or more vertebrae into one single structure. The goal is to stop movement between the two bones and prevent back pain. Once they’re fused, they no longer move like they used to. This keeps you from stretching nearby nerves, ligaments, and muscles that may have caused discomfort.
If medicines, physical therapy, and other treatments (like steroid injections) haven’t helped your back pain, this surgery might be an option. Doctors usually only recommend it if they know exactly what’s causing the problem. Spinal fusion might help you feel better if your back pain is caused by Degenerative disk disease (the space between disks narrows; sometimes they rub together spaces, Fracture (broken spinal bone), Scoliosis (your spine curves abnormally to one side), Spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal), Spondylolisthesis (forward shifting of a spinal disk) and Tumors or spine infection.